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Def; The fitting together of pieces to give a structure support and shape.

Framing in construction is the process of assembling structural elements to provide a building or structure with support and shape. It serves as the skeleton upon which various elements such as walls, floors, and roofs are attached, defining the layout and contributing to the overall structural integrity of the building.


The framing process involves fitting together materials such as wood, steel, or engineered wood to create a framework that outlines the building's dimensions and spaces. This includes the construction of vertical studs, horizontal beams, and joists, which together form the basis for walls, floors, and ceilings. In residential construction, wood framing is prevalent due to its versatility and ease of use, while steel framing is often used in commercial buildings for its strength and resistance to fire, moisture, and pests.


Framing techniques vary depending on the type of structure being built and the materials used. For example, platform framing is a common method in wood construction where each floor is framed separately, providing a platform upon which the next level can be built. In contrast, balloon framing involves extending the vertical studs from the foundation all the way to the roof, creating a continuous frame.


The design and execution of framing must adhere to building codes and standards to ensure the structure can withstand loads and forces such as weight, wind, and seismic activity. Proper framing is critical for the stability of the building, as it distributes loads evenly and provides resistance to bending, twisting, and shifting.


Beyond its structural role, framing also influences the layout and functionality of a building, affecting the placement of windows, doors, and interior spaces. As such, careful planning and precision in the framing stage are crucial for the successful realization of a building's design, ensuring not only its structural soundness but also its usability and aesthetic appeal.

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